US Burden of Disease Collaborators; – The State of US Health, 1990-2010: Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors JAMA online (dostępny pełen tekst)
US life expectancy for both sexes combined increased from 75.2 years in 1990 to 78.2 years in 2010; during the same period, Healthy life expectancy (HALE) increased from 65.8 years to 68.1 years. The diseases and injuries with the largest number of Years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) in 2010 were ischemic heart disease, lung cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and road injury. . The diseases with the largest number of Years lived with disability (YLDs) in 2010 were low back pain, major depressive disorder, other musculoskeletal disorders, neck pain, and anxiety disorders.
Conclusions and Relevance From 1990 to 2010, the United States made substantial progress in improving health. Life expectancy at birth and HALE increased, all-cause death rates at all ages decreased, and age-specific rates of years lived with disability remained stable. However, morbidity and chronic disability now account for nearly half of the US health burden, and improvements in population health in the United States have not kept pace with advances in population health in other wealthy nations.
Opracowane na podstawie: JAMA online / 10 lipca 2013